Coronavirus conundrum: Kwantena waɗanda har yanzu ba su da wadata

"Tun cikin zango na uku, mun ga irin tashin da babu irinsa game da bukatar jigilar kwantena," in ji Nils Haupt na kamfanin dakon kaya na Hapag Lloyd ga DW. Wannan lamari ne wanda ba zato ba tsammani amma mai gamsarwa bayan shekaru 12 na faduwar kasuwanci da kuma farkon annobar.

Haupt ya ce jigilar kayayyaki ya gamu da wahala a watan Janairu da Fabrairu na 2020 a matsayin filin samar da kasar Sin, kuma hakanan fitar da kayayyaki zuwa Asiya. "Amma sai al'amura suka juyo, kuma bukata ta mamaye Amurka, Turai da Kudancin Amurka," in ji shi. "An sake kera kayayyakin kasar Sin, amma ba a samu ayyukan zirga-zirga da yawa ba - masana'antunmu sun yi tunanin zai tsaya haka har na tsawon makonni ko ma watanni."

Kullewa yana haifar da cigaba

Abubuwa sun sake juyayi a watan Agusta lokacin da bukatar jigilar kwantena ta karu da yawa, fiye da ƙarfin wadata. Hakanan ya haifar da wannan haɓaka ta hanyar kullewa, ganin yawancin mutane da yawa suna aiki daga gida kuma suna kashe kuɗi kaɗan akan tafiye-tafiye ko aiyuka. A sakamakon haka, da yawa sun saka hannun jari a cikin sabbin kayan daki, kayayyakin masarufi, kayan wasanni da kekuna maimakon tanadin kudaden su. Kari kan haka, manyan ‘yan kasuwa da‘ yan kasuwa sun sake yin tanadin kayayyakin ajiyar su.

Fananan jirage ba sa iya yin sauri da sauri don kiyaye abubuwan da ake buƙata na jigilar kaya. "Masu mallakar jiragen ruwa da yawa sun watsar da tsofaffin jiragen ruwa da yawa a cikin 'yan shekarun da suka gabata," in ji Burkhard Lemper daga Cibiyar Kula da Tattalin Arziki da Jirgin Sama (ISL) ga DW. Ya kara da cewa masu jiragen sun kuma yi jinkirin yin odar sabbin jiragen, kuma bayan fara rikicin coronavirus an dage wasu umarni.

Nils Haupt na Hapag Lloyd ya ce, "Babban damuwarmu a wannan lokacin shi ne cewa ba mu da wasu jiragen ruwa a kasuwa," yana mai cewa ba zai yiwu ba yanzu a siyar da jiragen ruwa. Ralf Nagel daga Kungiyar Masu Jirgin Ruwa ta Jamus (VDR) ya tabbatar da cewa: "Dukkanin jiragen da ke iya daukar kwantena da wadanda ba sa a filayen jirgi don aikin gyara ana amfani da su, kuma babu wasu akwatunan ajiya."

Jinkirin sufuri ya kara zuwa karanci

Rashin jiragen ruwa ba shine batun kawai ba. Babban buƙata da annobar ta haifar da rikice-rikice a tashoshin jiragen ruwa da yayin jigilar fasinjoji zuwa cikin ƙasa. Misali a Los Angeles, jirage zasu jira na kusan kwanaki 10 kafin a basu izinin shiga tashar jirgin. Rashin ma'aikata saboda matakan kulle-kulle da ganye marasa lafiya na kara dagula al'amura, yayin da cutar a wasu lokuta ke kebe dukkan ma'aikatan a kebe.

Shugaban VDR Alfred Hartmann ya ce "Har yanzu akwai wasu ma'aikatan jirgin ruwa guda 400,000 a can wadanda ba za a iya maye gurbinsu ba kamar yadda aka tsara."

Kwantena fanko sune ainihin matsalar kwalba kamar yadda suke kasancewa a cikin teku fiye da yadda aka saba saboda jinkiri a tashoshin jiragen ruwa, kan hanyoyin ruwa da yayin safarar cikin ƙasa. A watan Janairu kadai, jiragen ruwan Hapag Lloyd sun yi jinkiri na awowi 170 a matsakaita a kan hanyoyin da ke zuwa Gabas mai nisa. A kan hanyoyin trans-Pacific, jinkiri da aka ƙara har zuwa awanni 250 a matsakaita.

Bugu da ƙari, kwantena suna kasancewa tare da abokan ciniki tsawon lokaci har sai an iya sarrafa su. “A shekarar da ta gabata da farkon wannan shekarar, mun sayi sabbin kwantena 300,000, amma duk da hakan ba su isa ba, in ji Haupt. Siyan ko da ƙari ma babu wani zaɓi, ya kara da cewa, tunda furodusoshi sun riga sun fara aiki gadan-gadan kuma farashin ya yi tashin gwauron zabo.

Babban jigilar kayayyaki, riba mai yawa

Babban buƙata ta haifar da hauhawar farashin kaya, yana sanya waɗanda ke da kwangila na dogon lokaci a cikin fa'ida - kwangila da aka kulla kafin haɓaka ta fara aiki. Amma duk wanda ke buƙatar ƙarin ƙarfin sufuri a ɗan gajeren sanarwa ana tilasta shi ya fitar da kuɗi da yawa kuma zai iya yin la'akari da kansu masu sa'a idan kayan su suka samu kwata-kwata. Haupt ya tabbatar da cewa, “a yanzu, yana daf da rashin yiwuwar yin ajiyar iya jigilar kaya a takaice,” in ji Haupt.

A cewar Haupt, farashin kaya yanzu ya ninka har sau hudu kamar yadda yake a shekarar da ta gabata, musamman game da jigilar kayayyaki daga China. Matsakaicin farashin kaya a Hapag Lloyd ya tashi da 4% a 2019, in ji Haupt.

A matsayinsa na babban kamfanin jigilar kaya na kasar Jamus, Hapag Lloyd ya samu kyakyawar shekara a shekarar 2020. A wannan shekarar, kamfanin yana fatan sake tsallake riba. Yana iya gama zangon farko tare da samun kuɗi kafin riba da haraji (Ebit) na aƙalla € 1.25 biliyan ($ 1,25 biliyan), idan aka kwatanta da just 160 miliyan kawai a cikin wannan lokacin a shekarar da ta gabata.

Babban kamfanin safarar kwantenoni na duniya, Maersk, ya samu ribar aiki daidai da dala biliyan 2.71 a cikin kwata na huɗu na shekarar bara. Kamfanin na Danish kuma yana sa ran samun kuɗin shiga ya ƙara ƙaruwa a 2021.


Post lokaci: Jun-15-2021